By Duane A. Garrett
This 3rd quantity within the Baylor instruction manual at the Hebrew Bible sequence presents professional, accomplished suggestions in answering major questions about the Hebrew textual content. whereas reflecting the most recent advances in scholarship on Hebrew grammar and linguistics, the paintings makes use of a method that's lucid sufficient to function an invaluable agent for instructing and self-study.
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Over the past forty years, the research of word-order version has turn into a sought after and fruitful box of analysis. Researchers of linguistic typology have discovered that each language allows quite a few word-order buildings, with topic, verb, and gadgets occupying various positions relative to one another.
Extra resources for Amos: A Handbook on the Hebrew Text (Baylor Handbook on the Hebrew Bible)
Prepositional phrase with ִמןand the 3 f s suffix. The antecedent to the feminine suffix is the implied ארץ מֹואב, the land of Moab. Line Bf: The colon-marker is tifha and the constraints are: 1 predicator, 3 constituents, and 3 units. ל־ׂש ֶ ֛ר ָיה ָ וְ ָכ. A direct object construct chain with 3 f s suffix. ַׂשר refers to a high official; the older translation “prince” is misleading since a ַׂשרis not necessarily royalty. ֶא ֱה ֥רֹוג. Qal yiqtol 1 c s of הרג. The sequence weqatal with a direct object in line Be followed by a direct object with yiqtol in Bf implies that the slaying of the “judge” (ׁשֹופט ֵ ) and all the officials (יה ָ ל־ׂש ֶר ָ )וְ ָכare not sequential but are conceptually part of a single event.
Prepositional phrase with ְבּ. Three times YHWH sends fire on the חֹומה ָ (“wall”) of a city (1:7, 10, 14). indd 31 6/6/08 2:24:31 PM 32 Amos 1:7-8 sive wall around a city, building, or vineyard. The more general term for a wall is ( גָּ ֵדרHammershaimb 1970, 31), and ִקירis an internal, structural wall (see Amos 5:19). Line Bb: The colon-marker is silluq and the constraints are: 1 predicator, 2 constituents, and 2 units. וְ ָא ְכ ָל֖ה. Qal weqatal 3 f s from אכל. ַא ְר ְמנ ֶ ֹֽת ָיה.
Amos therefore asserts that the number of Damascus’ sins has reached the critical point, demanding divine judgment, but he only specifies one particular sin. ֣ל ֹא ֲא ִׁש ֶיבּ֑נּו. Negated hiphil yiqtol 1 c s of שׁוּבwith 3 m s suffix. It marks the apodosis of a “because . . therefore” construction, in which the protasis lines are marked by ַעל. indd 24 6/6/08 2:24:28 PM Amos 1:4-5 25 The thing not revoked (indicated by the suffix) is the implied punishment. For a summary of alternative interpretations of יבּנּו ֶ לֹא ֲא ִׁש, see Barton (1980, 18).