Download Advances in the Study of Behavior, Vol. 17 by Jay S. Rosenblatt, Colin Beer, Marie-Claire Busnel, Peter J. PDF

By Jay S. Rosenblatt, Colin Beer, Marie-Claire Busnel, Peter J. B. Slater

Advances within the learn of habit is still one of many most-turned-to assets for penetrating perception at the newest findings in habit examine. This serial has stored velocity with the lively multidisciplinary development of the sector and covers all significant facets, from ecology to endocrinology, in either human and animal topics. serious studies, displays of significant examine courses, and conversation of vital new techniques supply readers with an updated review of the most recent advancements during this field.The sequence doesn't concentration narrowly on one or a number of fields, yet beneficial properties articles masking the easiest behavioral paintings from a large spectrum. The ability and ideas of scientists in such varied fields inevitably range, making the duty of constructing cooperation and conversation between them a tricky one. however it is one who is of serious value, and one to which the editors and writer of Advances within the research of habit are devoted. every one quantity of Advances within the learn of habit comprises an index, and every bankruptcy comprises references.

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Extra info for Advances in the Study of Behavior, Vol. 17

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Another example occurred when Phoenix was given the sentence BOTTOM HOOP THROUGH for the first time. The hoop was lying flat on the tank bottom. Using her rostrum (beak), Phoenix raised one edge of the hoop until it was poised vertically, and then darted through. Ake, when later tested in the same way as Phoenix, also spontaneously raised the hoop off the tank bottom and swam through (Ake was simply given the sentence HOOP RECEPTIVE COMPETENCIES OF LANGUAGE-TRAINED ANIMALS 29 THROUGH since BOTTOM is not in her language).

That Phoenix and Ake’s substitution or rejection responses were not simply an unwillingness to carry out the instructions of unfamiliar strings was shown by the results for novel sentence testing (Section IV,C, l ) , in which responses to grammatical and meaningful, but unfamiliar, sentences were carried out immediately. All in all, the responses to these semantic anomalies revealed that both dolphins knew the semantic boundaries of their world, as it was represented within their respective languages.

Each dolphin developed some enduring object confusions. For Phoenix, BALL and FRISBEE were never reliably resolved, although much effort was expended in training the discrimination. Ake has no problem in differentiating between BALL and FRISBEE, but has difficulty with SPEAKER versus PANEL, words that are easily discriminated by Phoenix. Other examples could be given, but these demonstrate the general finding that while object confusion was common to both dolphins, the particular confusions were not.

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