Operations Research

Download Advanced Public Procurement as Industrial Policy: The by Gunnar Eliasson PDF

By Gunnar Eliasson

The basic subject matter of this ebook is to enquire the macroeconomic importance of the "cloud" of technological spillovers that surrounds complicated commercial creation: In what methods do technological options unfold and give a contribution to fiscal development? What guidelines may be built to maximise the industrial power of options? those subject matters are really well timed within the context of world financial situation, government-sponsored stimulus applications, and the continuing evolution from manufacturing-based to knowledge-based economies. To discover those matters intensive, Gunnar Eliasson makes a speciality of a close case research of the improvement of Saab’s army plane, the JAS 39 Gripen system—a undertaking that contains complicated technological recommendations, a posh community of providers, public-private quarter collaboration, and either army and advertisement functions. The adventure within the airplane can also be in comparison with spillover results in telephony, desktops, and scientific applied sciences. The research emphasizes the position of purchaser competence in elevating the standard of innovation provide, and of entrepreneurship and industrially useful enterprise capital for commercializing spillovers. Eliasson integrates micro-econometrics and case research research with macroeconomics, innovation learn equipment, and company management idea to degree the results of expertise spillovers and generate a fantastic empirical beginning for coverage research. particularly, he considers:

  • the function of powerfuble public (government) procurement as a brand new call for coverage to help innovation supply
  • the emergence of the complex agencies as "technical university," the place continuous studying occurs and entrepreneurship between consumers and different stakeholders is encouraged
  • issues of highbrow estate rights and the social price of technological innovations
  • the implications for strategic company perform and public policy

The result's a ebook that might entice a vast spectrum of lecturers, leaders, and policymakers attracted to the dynamics of innovation provide, commercialization of applied sciences and monetary growth.

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Additional info for Advanced Public Procurement as Industrial Policy: The Aircraft Industry as a Technical University

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The role of the competent customer in shaping new technology development therefore must be addressed in any analysis of economic growth, and, as we will see, the changing relative roles in that respect between public and private customers have to be specially considered. In general, I argue, there will be no more sophisticated products developed than there will be customers who understand the usefulness of the products and are willing to pay for them. As concluded already by Burenstam-Linder (1961); a sophisticated and wealthy customer base represents a competitive advantage3 of the economy.

2 In both cases, the customer is normally intimately involved in the product design and often contributes significant user knowledge, thereby directly influencing the definition of the product. Civilian procurement of aircraft and aircraft engines and of other complex systems products with a long life has increasingly adopted a similar ownership logic. For the same reasons as in military procurement the large development risks and financial demands are forcing the large commercial aircraft makers Boeing and Airbus and aircraft engine makers GE, Pratt & Whitney, and Rolls Royce to demand significant risk sharing and financial contributions of their subcontractors G.

See further on suggested future research in Technical Supplement S3. 13. One objective to that statement that has been raised several times during seminar discussions of this document has been that this is a European conclusion. The US technical universities such as MIT are much more socially useful. Possibly. Again, another reason for further study. See Technical Supplement S3. 14. If not based on Gripen technologies they have not been counted in the spillover multiplier estimate. See further Technical Supplement S2.

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