By Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan
As one of many eighteen field-specific stories comprising the excellent scope of the strategic common file of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and expertise within the box of complex fabrics technology. They each one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the overall and sub-group studies research the evolution and legislation governing the advance of technological know-how and know-how, describe the decisive effect of technological know-how and know-how at the modernization procedure, are expecting that the area is at the eve of an drawing close S&T revolution, and get in touch with for China to be totally ready for this new around of S&T development. in line with the precise learn of the calls for on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the stories draw a framework for 8 simple and strategic structures of socio-economic improvement with the help of technological know-how and know-how, figure out China's S&T roadmaps for the proper 8 uncomplicated and strategic structures based on China's truth, additional aspect S&T projects of strategic value to China's modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with accomplished consultations for the improvement of S&T innovation in line with China's truth. Supported through illustrations and tables of information, the studies supply researchers, executive officers and marketers with assistance relating learn instructions, the making plans method, and funding.
Founded in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation's optimum educational establishment in normal sciences. Its significant duties are to behavior learn in uncomplicated and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on traditional assets and ecological setting, to supply the rustic with medical facts and consultations for government's decision-making, to adopt government-assigned initiatives in regards to key S&T difficulties within the strategy of socio-economic improvement, to begin group of workers education, and to advertise China's high-tech organizations via its lively engagement in those areas.
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Additional info for Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
At the same time, the development of China’s civilian aerospace and aviation industry has been raising new demands for materials research, including light-weight, high-strength, high temperature corrosion resistant and structural-functional integrative high-performance structural materials, as well as the new generation of functional materials and devices. 1 The Field of Energy Demands analysis With the rapid growth of China’s energy demands, the increasingly serious supply and demand issue and environmental problems have become a bottleneck constraining economic and social development.
In 2004, China’s plate glass ultimate output was 300,580,000 weigh boxes, 84% of which were produced by the float method. 7% of the world. Although the technology of float glass has made great progress in China, there is still a wide gap compared with the international advanced level, especially in the aspect of development of new float technologies, in which China’s investment is insufficient. In the 1970s, China began to produce double glazing glass at Shenyang glass factory; in the middle of 1980s, the double glazing glass production entered into a new stage after the first automatic production line was imported in Shenzhen; now, China has set up 200 double glazing glass production lines, more than 70 of which are imported and the year output of which is 12,000,000 m2.
Which poses a challenge for the development of strategic high-tech. At present, large transport aircraft have been included in the national plan. The requirements point to aircraft body materials such as high-strength aluminum alloys, engine materials such as superalloys, intermetallics and functional materials, which therefore pose a new task for the development of new materials and technology. The development of new materials may strengthen sustainable resource utilization and environmental protection, and achieve harmonious development involving humans and nature.