Comparative Religion

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By Shlomo Izre'El

The scholarly international first grew to become conscious of the parable of Adapa and the South Wind while it was once came upon on a capsule from the El-Amarna archive in 1887. we have now at our disposal six fragments of the parable. the biggest and most crucial fragment, from Amarna, is dated to the 14th century B.C.E. This fragment of the Adapa fable has red-tinted issues utilized at the pill at particular periods. Izre'el attracts cognizance to a couple of those issues that have been ignored in past courses by way of Knudtzon and Schroeder. 5 different fragments have been a part of the Assurbanipal library and are consultant of this fantasy because it used to be identified in Assyria approximately seven centuries later.

The discovery of the parable of Adapa and the South Wind instantly attracted large awareness. Its ideology and its correspondence to the highbrow history of Western religions prompted flourishing experiences of this delusion, either philological and considerable. Many translations have seemed prior to now century, laying off gentle on a variety of features of the parable and its characters. Izre'el unveils the parable of Adapa and the South Wind as mythos, as tale. to do that, he analyzes the underlying recommendations via huge remedy of shape. He deals an version of the extant fragments of the parable, together with the transliterated Akkadian textual content, a translation, and a philological remark. The research of poetic shape that follows ends up in realizing the parable as a bit of literature and to uncovering its meanings. This examine as a result marks a brand new section within the lengthy, wide examine into this Mesopotamian fantasy.

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24) suggests suggests that the -t-(- form of of the verb is used to denote simultaneity. simultaneity. Yet, judging judging from all other contexts, especially those in 63 ki-rna pti-f[u ilq-bu-'u ilq-bu-'u'' sal Sa[su-ul-ti fu-&ti ka-ap-pa-sa ka-appa-Sait-te-d-bi-ir it-te-eS-bi-ir ki-mai-na i-napf-i-s[u As Assoon soonas ashe hespoke, spoke,the theSouth SouthWind's Wind'swing wingbroke. broke. (Fragment (FragmentB: B: 5'5--{j') '4) b,' In Jtk{ -(Inthis thiscase, case,&e -t- form formittesbir ittecbirisisthe theunconstrained unconstrainednarrative narrativeform form,while whileiprus ipusisis i ' constrained by its constrainediby itssyntactic syntacticenvironment, environment,being beingplaced placedin inan anembedded embeddedclause.

99-103; 99-103; d. cf. Adler 1976: 1976: 13). 13). In contrast to the relatively conservative spellspelling practice manjfest manifest in the Amama Amarna recension of Adapa, Adapa, the Amama Amarna recension of Nergal and Ereskigal exhibits some some unusual plene spellings, spellings, which seem to be foreign. Although similar spellings may occur occasionally in genuine Babyloforeign. spellings Babylonian texts (cf. (cf. Aro 1971), 1971), the overall overall system exhibited in EA 357 reminds us strongly of similar spellings spellings that are amply found in Hurrian, Hittite, and HittitoAkkadian texts (for (for plene spelling in Hittite, see Hart I980; 1980; Carruba C a m b a I98I; 1981; Melchert I992).

Whether or not the scribes of of the Amama period operated in a similar manner cannot now be ascertained. ascertained; 60 60 Dating Datingand andCompositional CompositionalFactors Factors Chapter Chapter22 the thedifferences differencesin inthe thelinguistic linguisticstructures structuresemployed employedin inthe therespective respectivecomposicompositions. Notably, Notably,the theTMA TMAsystems systemsof of the the Amarna Amarna recension recensionvis-iI-vis vis-a-visthe the recenrecension sionreflected reflectedin inFragments FragmentsAAand andDDfrom fromNineveh Ninevehshow showtypical typicaldivergences divergencesthat that one excursusbelow).

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